Aragonese light cavalryLight cavalry in the Christian states of Iberia may have fought a la jinete in a manner copied from their Muslim foes but their appearance was generally very different. This man, for example, simply wears a small amount of normal European armour including a scale-lined jacque, a brimmed chapel-de-fer, plate arm defences without their associated gauntlets and a small mail hauberk. On the other hand his light spear, round shield, soft boots, spurs and horse harness are distinctly Iberian if not clearly Islamic.

Castilian peasant levy

Peasant or urban levies played an important role in the armies of all 15th century Iberian states. Naturally their equipment was often rudimentary. This man has a good quality chapel-de-fer helmet, a quilted or scale-lined jacque, a long-bladed guisarme and would carry a dagger.


Don Alvaro de LunaHere the victor of the battle of Olmedo wears the latest and heaviest full-plate armour, mostly imported from Italy though with a French helmet. This is a great bascinet, a massive form of protection which could not turn on the wearers shoulders. Such armour was used in Spain but never became very popular even among heavily armoured knights, largely because of the strength of the Iberian tradition of light cavalry warfare.